A subspecialty of nursing, neonatal nursing, focuses on providing care to newborn infants and families when the newborn's health condition requires more support than traditional postnatal wards. Neonatal nurses work with newborns with a variety of problems such as congenital defects, prematurity, surgical problems, and other body malformations. The scope of a neonatal nurse ranges from minimal supportive care to highly complex intensive care.
Neonatal period is described as the first month of life, but for these newborns, they are usually sick for months. This field covers those newborns showing problems after birth, infants who have illness after birth, and those with chronic health conditions because of prematurity.